Ape Municipality, the Ape Brethren Cemetery

Location of the monuments:

Latitude: 57.543628
Longitude: 26.692869

The Nazi troops entered Ape on 11 July 1941, and on the very same day local self–defenders killed 11 residents of Ape in the Jaši Pine Forest – among them two Jewish women – Zilya Ratut and Anna Gruzin. Soon afterwards all Jews of the town were arrested. Mass–scale murdering of Jews took place on 13 August, when all arrested Jews were taken to Krustceļa (Meža) Graveyard (approximately 3km from Ape), where the Latvian SD unit (“Arājs’ Commando”) together with local self–defenders shot them.

In the 1960s the victims were reinterred from the site of murder in the Jaši Pine Forest and at the Krustceļa Graveyard in the Ape Brethren Cemetery. In 1991 Wulf Faiwelsohn, survivor of the Holocaust, erected a separate monument at the place of reinterment to commemorate members of the Faiwelsohn’s family, and a memorial plaque with an inscription in Latvian “96 Jews Victims of Fascist Terror of 1941”. In 2005 this memorial plaque was resorted by society “Memoriāls”, when the Ape Brethren Cemetery was reconstructed.

Further reading:

  • Meler M. Jewish Latvia: Sites to Remember. Tel-Aviv: Association of Latvian and Estonian Jews in Israel, 2013.
  • Ezergailis A. The Holocaust in Latvia, 1941-1944: The Missing Center. Riga: The Historical Institute of Latvia; Washington, DC: US Holocaust Memorial Museum, 1996.

Search for the related names of Jews at http://names.lu.lv.